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Responding Disasters

Responding disaster is one of the key thematic areas of Root Work Foundation. As part of its ‘DRR and Emergency Response’; Root Work actively engages in responding disasters/ emergencies wherever and whenever possible. The organization works in partnerships with local communities and national and international donor agencies to respond disasters/emergencies.

Root Work Foundation (RWF) has actively been engaged in responding natural disasters/emergencies since 2004. RWF has provided its emergency response services during 7 minor and major natural disasters in Sindh and Balochistan. Provinces mentioned as below:

# Year Type of Emergency Province Districts of Intervention
01 2013 Rain Flood Sindh Jaccobabad
02 2012 Rain Flood Sindh MirpurKhas - UmarKot - Badin - Tando Mohammad Khan - Sanghar
03 2011 Flood Sindh Dadu
04 2010 Flood Sindh Thatta – Jamshoro – Dadu
05 2008 Earthquake Balochistan Ziarat
06 2007 Flood Balochistan Jaffarabad - Jhal Magsi
07 2004 Flood Balochistan Naseerabad

The table below provides information regarding overall emergency projects implemented by Root Work Foundation since 2004

S.# Title of the Project(s) Location Duration Donor(s)
1 Emergency Food Security & Nutrition Support to Disaster Affected Population in District Sanghar of Sindh Province Sindh:
Sanghar
09 Months Care International
2 Early recovery livelihood support for flood- affected population in sindh and balouchistan, Pakistan(DFID) Sindh:
Jaccobabad
15 Months Concert CWW
3 Provision of short term employment opportunities and economic assets recovery of flood affected population in District Mirpur Khas Sindh:
Mirpur Khas
3 Months 10 days Concern WWP/ Rapid
4 Improving Food Security & reducing Malnouirshment of the flood Afected Population of District Umerkot Sindh:
Umerkot
8 Months Care International
5 Education Early Recovery Response: Mainstreeming Flood Affected Children within Education System in Sindh Sindh:
Tando Muhammad Khan & Badin
2.5 Months UNICEF
6 Hygiene Promotioin & Distribution of NFIs for Flood affected Children in Badin & TMK Sindh:
Badin & Tando Muhammad Khan
2 Months Concern WWP
7 Scaling Up Flood Emergency Education Response in Sindh Sindh:
Tando Muhammad Khan & Badin
4.5 Months UNICEF
8 Provision of Short term Income generation opportunity to Flood affected Population of District Mirpur Khas to access Sufficient food Sindh:
Mirpurkhas
4 Months Care International
9 Provision of Multi Sector Humanitarian assistance to the Flood & Conflict Affected population in Pakistan Sindh:
Dadu
8 Months Concern WWP
10 Livelihood Recovery for Flood Affected Population in Sindh (LRFAPS) Sindh:
Dadu (Johi)
9.5 Month Concern WWP
11 Supporting Early Recovery for Flood Affected Communities in Pakistan (SERFACP) Sindh:
Dadu (Mehar)
9 Month Concern WWP
12 Provision of Wheat Seed and Fertilizer for Rabi planting in Sindh Sindh:
Dadu & Thatta
1.5 Month Concern WWP
13 Emergency Support for Flood Affected Populations (ESFAP) Sindh:
Dadu & Thatta
10 Months Concern WWP
14 Emergency Response for Flood Affected Population in Pakistan (ERFAP) Sindh:
Dadu & Thatta
2-months Concern WWP
15 Winterization Material Distribution to Earthquake Victims in District Ziarat, Balochistan Baluchistan:
Ziarat
2 -weeks Care International
16 Livestock Support and Food Distribution Amongst Jhal Magsi Flood Affectees Baluchistan:
Jhal Magsi
4-months RI / WFP / FAO
17 Supporting Post Flood Early Recovery (SPFER) Baluchistan:
Jhal Magsi
6-months Concern WWP
18 Food Distribution Amongst Jhal Magsi Flood Affectees Baluchistan:
Jhal Magsi
3-months WFP / RI
19 Jhal Magsi District Flood Response Project 2007 Baluchistan:
Jhal Magsi
1-month Concern WWP
 

Interventions:

RWF usually engages in emergency response right from the rescues and relief phases and continues till early recovery and rehabilitation. Following is the detailed portfolio of emergency response interventions conducted by RWF at various stages of emergency:

Food Items: Food is usually one of the essential relief needs of the affected population in times of emergencies.

Following are the details of food items / packets distributed by RWF:

Year District Units/Packets Description Families
2010 Dadu 754 food packets 754
2010 Thatta 646 food packets 646
2007 Jhal Magsi 800 food packets 800
2004 Naseerabad Cooked food for 5 days 100

Non-Food Items:

In addition to food items; non-food items (NFIs) do become the major need during emergencies particularly like flood emergency when affectees has to live in temporary shelters or camps for prolonged period. The NFIs distributed by RWF during various flood emergencies included the following items:

  • Kitchen Sets
  • Blankets / Quilts
  • Mosquito Nets,
  • Floor Mats
  • Jerry Cans
  • Water Purification Tablets / Sachets

Following is the detail of NFIs distributed by RWF during various emergencies:

Year District Description of NFIs Units Distributed Beneficiaries

Families

Members
2010 Dadu Mosquito Nets / Jerry Cans / Floor Mats 5000 5000 35000
2010 Thatta Mosquito Nets / Jerry Cans / Floor Mats 8000 8000 56000
2010 Dadu Blankets / Quilts 28000 5600 5600
2010 Thatta Blankets / Quilts 25000 5000 5000
2007 Jhal Magsi Kitchen Items Sets 800 800 5600
2007 Jhal Magsi

Mosquito Nets / Jerry Cans / Floor Mats / Candles / Match Boxes /

800 800 5600

Solar Lights:

In addition to the above-mentioned Non-Food Items (NFIs); the Solar Lights are also getting increasingly popular as the key component of relief interventions and NFIs. Solar lights were largely distributed by many INGOs in Haiti Earthquake emergency and since then are being considered as the key component of relief package.

In country like Pakistan where there electricity is always a scarce service; solar lights play a wonderful role to meet light needs during emergencies in particular. Realizing the overall importance of light facility for IDPs while they are living in camps and open spaces and prone many dangers like snake bites etc.; RWF also started including solar lights as part of relief package. It is also greatly agreed by humanitarian community that solar lights also decrease the chances of gender-based violence and harassment of women living in camps and shelter away from their safe homes.

Following is the detail of Solar Lights distributed by RWF during flood emergency:

Year District Solar Lights Distributed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu 21,00 2100 14700
2010 Thatta 2600 2600 18200
Total 02 4700 4700 32900

Drinking Water:

Flood badly affects the overall drinking water sources. Majority of the drinking water sources such as water ponds, hand pumps, water courses, well and water tanks either become contaminated or become dysfunctional and therefore unable to provide clean and safe drinking water to its regular users.  Un-availability of clean drinking water further increases problems for IDPs particularly children, elderly and other vulnerable groups of family. RWF has always tried to address this critical need of people displaced by the floods and has addressed this issue where possible.

Following is the detail of RWF interventions concerning the provision of clean drinking water to flood affected communities:

A) Hand Pumps Installed:

Year District # of Hand Pumps Installed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu 438 6570 45990
2010 Thatta 248 3720 26040
Total 02 686 10290 72030

B) Water Ponds Rehabilitated:

Year District # of Water Ponds Rehabilitated Beneficiaries
Families Members
2007 Jhal Magsi 30 450 3,150

Emergency Shelters & Tents

Like food and water; emergency shelters / tents is always one of the most pressing needs during times of emergencies which cause populations to leave their homes and move to safer places. Flood is the type of emergency which usually causes massive displacement of people. To address the immediate shelter needs of emergency hit populations; RWF has always preferred to provide them with emergency shelter materials / kits and tents so that their lives could be saved from weather impacts and the traditional privacy of flood affected women-members of affected families could be ensured.

Emergency shelter kits provided by RWF usually consist of following items:

  • Plastic Sheets
  • Bamboos / Woods
  • Rope
  • Tools such as shovels, pickaxe, nails, hammer, handsaw and needle and threads etc.

The tents distributed by RWF were both normal weather and winterized tents and distributed according to weather needs.

Hygiene Promotion:

Hygiene awareness is the critical component of relief interventions during emergencies such as floods. RWF has always ensured that awareness amongst the flood affectees is raised about the overall importance of persona and communal hygiene in times of emergencies in normal life.

Following is the details of hygiene promotion sessions conducted by RWF during emergencies:


Year
District # Sessions Conducted Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu   179   4111
2010 Thatta 110   2772
2007 Jhal Magsi 44   1980

Total

03 333   8904

Hygiene Kits:

Hygiene always becomes a matter of great concern in times of natural disasters particularly floods. RWF has always been vigilant to the fact that people badly need hygiene items to maintain their personal and family hygiene while they are living in camps and tents or spontaneous settlements.

Following are details of Hygiene Kits distributed by RWF during different emergencies

Year District # of H.K. Distributed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu 5000 5000 35,000
2010 Thatta 8000 8000 56,000
2007 Jhal Magsi 800 800 5,600
    13,800 13,800 96,600

The Hygiene Kits usually contained hygiene items like bath soaps, dish washing and laundry soaps, tooth paste and tooth brushes, comb, nail cutters, sanitary cloth for women, water purification tablets, towels and other similar items.

Core Shelters:

Root Work Foundation has up till now completed the construction of about (1299) core shelters. These were usually one-room shelters constructed during early recovery phase of flood emergencies. RWF teams conducted effective social mobilization for the effective participation of the beneficiaries in the shelter construction process and ensured that members of family receiving core shelters should participate as the labor in shelter construction work.

The family labor was also paid through cash for work which additionally supported the family to generate income in parallel to the shelter benefit.

Following are the details of one-room core shelters constructed by RWF.

Year District Tehsil # of UCs # of Shelters Beneficiaries
Families Members
2011 Dadu Mehar 01 450 450 3150
2011 Thatta Sujawal 04 510 510 3570
2007 Jhal Magsi

Jhal Magsi

02 400 400 2,800
  03 03   1360 1360 9520

Root Work Foundation greatly acknowledges the support of Concern World Wide, The UK-AID/DFID and the USAID which enabled RWF to provide core shelters to (1299) flood affected families in Sindh and Balochistan Province.

Debris Removal Kits:

Removal of rubble / debris becomes very challenging in the villages / areas hit by the emergency and where heavy destruction of houses and physical structures have occurred. This becomes even more challenging when there is no machinery available and community has usually lost all their routine tools. Realizing this; RWF distributed Debris Removal Kits to flood affected community so that they are able remove rubble from their homes / area and could re-start smooth rebuilding process.

Following is the detail of Debris Removal Kits distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of UCs Debris Removal Kits Distributed
2010 Dadu Mehar 03 885
2010 Thatta Sujawal 05 885
Total 02 02 08 177o

 
Debris Removal Kits included the items such as shovel, pickaxe, wheel barrow, dragger, steel pan, hue and other such items.

Emergency Latrines:

Following is the detail of Emergency Latrines Installed by RWF during emergencies:

Year District # of Latrines Installed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu 131 1965 13755
2010 Thatta 66 990 6930
Total 02 197 2955 20685

 
Permanent Latrines & Washrooms:

Following is the detail of Permanent Latrines Constructed by RWF during emergencies:

Year District # of Permanent Latrines & Washrooms  Constructed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2010 Dadu 259 1295 9065
2010 Thatta 194 970 6790
Total 02 453 2265 15855

  Cash Grants:

Following is the detail of cash grants distributed by RWF:


Year District Type of Grant Amount(s) Beneficiaries
Families Members
2011 Dadu Un-Conditional
Cash Grants
10,000/Family 2823 19761
Conditional Cash Grants
(Home Business)
7,000/Family
15,000/Family
20,000/Family
1842 12894
Small Enterprise
Cash Grants
20,000/Family 565 3955
Total 01 03   5230 36,610

Distribution of Goats and Poultry:

  • Goats Distribution

Following is the detail of goats distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of Goats Distributed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2011 Dadu Mehar 1,750 1,750 12,250
2011 Dadu Johi 525 525 3,675
Total 01 02 2,275 2,275 15,925
  • Distribution of Poultry

 Following is the detail of poultry / birds distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of Birds Distributed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2011 Dadu Johi 8,400 1400 9,800
Mehar 12,000 2000 14000
Total 01 02 20,400 3,400 23,800

*Birds to All women / widows / women headed / livelihood support (6 birds per family)

Trade-Specific Tools Kits:

Following is the detail of Trade-Specific Tools Kits distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil Trade / Skill # of Kits Distributed Beneficiaries
Families Members
2011 Dadu Mehar Tailoring 550 550 3850
Ralli Making 600 600 4200
Electrician 50 50 350
Mason 150 150 1050
Carpenter 100 100 700
Tyr Puncture 50 50 350
Total 01 01 06 1,500 1500 10,500



Agriculture Re-start:

Agriculture is the major source of livelihood of majority of people living is rural areas. It is also major food source of people living in both rural and urban areas. Floods badly affect the agriculture. Floods not only destroy the millions of acres of standing crops but also badly damage the agro-infrastructures such as water courses and water channels etc. Thousands of acres of fertile lands also become barren / unusable able after floods. This overall situation gives financial loss of billions of dollars to both the people and government.

Quick revival of agriculture activities in flood affected areas is always the priority as for as addressing the immediate livelihood needs of people are concerned. Realizing this critical fact; RWF has always been active to contribute in the revival of agricultural activities so that livelihood of flood affected populations gets re-started.   

Following are the details of the support provided by RWF to flood affected communities to re-stat their agriculture activities and boost their livelihood affected by floods:

a) Seeds & Fertilizers:

RWF provided seasonal seeds and fertilizers to flood affected small land holders / tenants to make them enable to re-start their routine crops on which their livelihood depends. The selection of seeds and fertilizers is always done in close consultation with the government agriculture department, the beneficiary community and the agriculture experts. The certified seeds always selected for distribution and lab-tested before distributing to the community.

The size of seed and fertilizer package (KGs of seed and fertilizer) to be given to each farmer / family is decided keeping in mind the local area practices and the recommendations of the agriculture department.

Following is the detail of seeds and fertilizers distributed by RWF during various emergencies:


Year
District Tehsil Type of Input Units Distributed Beneficiaries
Farmers/HH Members
2011 Dadu Mehar Kitchen Gardening Seed 4,800 4,800 33,600
2011 Dadu Mehar Rice Seed & Fertilizer 3,000 3,000 21,000
2010 Dadu Mehar Wheat Seed & Fertilizer 800 800 5,600
2010 Thatta Sujawal Wheat Seed & Fertilizer 400 400 2,800
2007 Jhal Magsi Jhal Magsi Wheat Seed
(40 kg/farmer)
200 200 1,400
Total 03 03 03 9,200 9,200 64,400

Wheat seed and fertilizer package distributed in District Dadu and Thatta included the following inputs for (03) acres of land given to each farmer:

  • Wheat Seed        150 Kg. per farmer for 3 acres
  • DAP                       300 Kg. per farmer for 3 acres
  • Urea                      300 Kg. per farmer for 3 acres

 Rice seed and fertilizer package distributed in District Dadu included the following inputs for (02) acres of land given to each farmer

  • Rice Seed         50 Kg. per farmer for 2 acres
  • DAP                   100 Kg. per farmer for 2 acres
  • Urea                  200 Kg. per farmer for 2 acres

 Kitchen gardening seed package included the different seasonal vegetable seeds such as green chilies, lady finger, cucumber, bitter gourd, spinach gourd, etc.

b) Rehabilitation of Agricultural Land:
Root Work Foundation has also assisted flood affected small farmers and tenants to help reclaim / rehabilitate their agriculture lands destroyed during floods. This help was provided usually in the form of tracker hours.

Following is the detail of tractors hours provided by RWF:

Year District Tehsil No. of Acres Covered / Rehabilitated through Tractors Hours Support Beneficiaries
Farmers/HH Members
2011 Dadu Mehar 6,000 acres (02 acre/ farmer) 3,000 21,000
2007 Jhal Magsi Jhal Magsi 550 acres (03 acre/ farmer) 183 1281
Total 02 02 6,550 acres 3,183 22,281

In district Dadu, each selected farmer was provided financial support of PKR 3,200 to rehabilitate his (02) acres of land. (02 tractor hours per acre @ PKR 800/tractor hour).

While in district Jhal Magsi each farmer was provided tractor support of PKR 1980 to rehabilitate his 3 acres of land.

c) Rehabilitation of Water Courses:

Year District Tehsil # of Water Courses Rehabilitated
2011 Dadu Johi 32
2011 Dadu Mehar 42
2007 Jhal Magsi Tehsil 06
Total 03 03 81

d) Farmer Tool Kits:

Small farmers / tenants heavily depend on the simple agriculture tools they possess. In addition to the other effects of floods; the tools of farmers are also lost during floods which cause them to arrange money and buy it again. To save them from spending their money for buying agriculture tools; RWF distributes farmer tool kits to the small farmers / tenants to help them rehabilitate their agriculture lands. Following are the contents of farmer tools kit distributed by RWF.

  • Pickaxe
  • Handsaw
  • Hammer
  • Shovel
  • Blade digger
  • Sickle
  • Hand hoe
  • Diggen hoe
  • Packing bag

Following is the detail of Farmer Tool Kits distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of Tool Kits Distributed Beneficiaries
Farmers/families Members
2010 Dadu Mehar 2,700 2,700 18,900

 

e) Grain Storage Bins

Floods not only destroy the standing crops but the grains stored with farmers at their very homes. The reason is that communities in rural areas usually use traditional grain storage bins (locally called Gundi) for storing grains which is made from mud which is very vulnerable to heavy rains and minor floods. It was also learnt during various flood assessments that majority of people lost their stored grains due to the collapse / damage of traditional grain bin. Addressing this critical issue; RWF provided flood affected communities with iron-made Grain Storage Bins which has the capacity to store 700-800 Kgs of grains. 

Following is the detail of Grain Storage Bins distributed by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of GSBs Distributed Beneficiaries
Farmers / families Members

 

2011 Dadu Johi 735 735 5,145
2011 Dadu Mehar 2100 2,100 14,700
Total 01 02 2835 2,835 19,845

Live Stock Care:

Livestock greatly supplements the livelihood of people in rural areas. People heavily depending on live stock for income generation and nutrition purposes. The livestock of people such as buffalos, cows, goats, sheep etc. are usually worst victims of floods as grazing areas come under water and animals get vulnerable to many diseases due to malnutrition and eventually die if flood situation prolongs. Realizing that proper and timely vaccination and de-worming can save life of animals from death and thus animals continue to be the valuable asset of people; RWF supported live stock / livelihood of people and took following measures in this regard:

a) Vaccination & De-worming Campaigns

Year District Tehsil # of Camps Arranged # 0f Villages Covered # of Animals Benefitted
2011 Dadu Johi 10 18 500
2011 Dadu Mehar 18 35 900
Total 01 02 28 53 1,400

Disaster Risk Reduction:

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is usually the cross-cutting theme which RWF incorporates in most of the emergency response interventions. For example the construction of core shelters (one-room shelters) was done on raised plate forms keeping in mind the DRR principles. Similarly the WASH related construction activities and other emergency response interventions are also well designed ad implemented in lines with DRR considerations.    

A) Awareness Sessions on DRR
RWF also conducts special sessions on DRR for beneficiary to ensure that they are fully aware about DRR approaches and the ways and means they can streamline their community level early recovery and rehabilitation activities with DRR principles. 

Following is the detail of DRR sessions conducted by RWF:

Year District Tehsil # of DRR Sessions Conducted # of Participants
2010 Dadu Johi 22 550

It is also worth mentioning that RWF is implementing a one-year Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRM) Project in two tehsils of District Dadu of Sindh Province. RWF will implement this DRR focused special project from September 2011 in partnership with Concern World Wide with financial support of USAID.

Flood Protection Structures:

Floods usually affect most in the areas where there is absence of flood protection structures. Realizing this as one of key concern of DRR approach; RWF mobilized and facilitated people to construct flood protection structures so that their villages could be saved from minor future floods.

Following is the detail of structures constructed:

Year District Tehsil Structures Constructed Villages Benefitted Beneficiaries

Families

Members

2007

Jhal Magsi

Jhal Magsi

10 10 180 1260