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Promoting Education

Education is one of the major thematic/program focused by Root Work Foundation. RWF started this program in year 2003 when partnership with UNICEF was established to motivated youth to get education and later on partnership with National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) was established to promote primary school enrollment in two districts of Balochistan province i.e. Jaffarabad and Pishin and so on.

The RWF, through "Education Program", considers that until and unless the challenges regarding "Access to Education" and "Quality of Education" are critically understood and strategically addressed, the education can neither be promoted nor be result oriented to the society. Keeping this critical fact in mind, it is tried to ensure that designs and interventions of "Education Program" should address the challenges of "Access to education" and "Quality of education" at all possible levels.
Root Work Foundation has responded to educational needs of the children, youth and adolescents of low-income, rural communities in Sindh and Balochistan provinces through different types of projects that include establishment of community schools and their management by community through Parents Education Committees (PECs), campaigns for increasing literacy and enrollment in public sector schools, provision of school supplies and support services for schools, capacity building of PECs and teachers, monitoring of schools, establishment of Temporary learning schools, provision of school supplies, Enrollment campaigns/drives with participation of stakeholders etc.


The table below provides information regarding overall education projects implemented by Root Work Foundation since 2003:


S #

Title of Project(s)

Location

Duration

Donor(s)

1

Improving Learning Environment at Transitional School Structure in Dadu

Sindh:
Dadu

03 Months

UNICEF

2

Education Early Recovery Response: Mainstreaming Flood Affected Children within Education System in Sindh

Sindh:
Badin & Tando Mohammad Khan

2.5 Months

UNICEF

3

Scaling-up Flood Emergency Education Response in Sindh

Sindh:
Badin & Tando Mohammad Khan

4.5 Months

UNICEF

4

Distribution of Supplies at Schools in Southern Sindh

Sindh:
Thatta, Jamshoro,
Dadu

1.5 Month

UNICEF

5

Schools Monitoring and On-going Support Services

Balochistan:
Bolan & Sibi

21 Months

Balochistan Education Foundation (BEF)

6

Capacity Building of Parents Education Committees

Balochistan:
Bolan,Sibi & Jhal Magsi, Dera Bugti

05 Months

BEF / World Bank

7

Establishment of Community Schools

Balochistan:
Bolan,Sibi & Jhal Magsi,

40 Months

BEF

8

Capacity Building of Parents Education Committees

Balochistan:
Bolan,Sibi & Jhal Magsi, Dera Bugti

08 Months

BEF

9

Capacity Building of Parents Education Committees

Balochistan:
Bolan, Naseerabad & Jhal Magsi

07 Months

BEF / World Bank

10

Establishment of Community Managed Primary Schools

Balochistan:
Jafferabad

12 Months

The British High Commission

11

Primary School Enrollment Project

Balochistan:
Jafferabad & Pishin

12 Months

NCHD

12

Out of School Youth and Adolescent Project

Balochistan:
Sibi, Kalat, Khuzdar & Pishin

08 Months

UNICEF

 

Interventions

Community Participation and Engagement

Engaging target communities for designing and implementation of the projects is pre-condition for a realistic intervention. Root Work Foundation always engages concerned community in project design and implementation activities. For this purpose, RWF arranges FGDs, mobilize and motivate community members for enrollment of children in schools specially the girls, form Committees comprising community heads, elders and parents of the children for decision making and monitoring and supervision of community schools. RWF also arranges training programs for building capacities of these community groups to better manage their community schools and play their part effectively in it.

Mobilization of Communities:

Mobilization process contributes a lot to enhance the community participation and it is the vital aspect to ensure the community inputs in the project design and implementation activities. RWF conducts awareness sessions to mobilize the communities in dadu in which girls, boys, males and females participate together. The objective of the awareness sessions is to mobilize the communities on girls' education.

 

Establishment of Schools

Root Work Foundation has established and managed 56 new primary schools in the remote and downtrodden villages of Bolan, Sibi and Jhal Magsi districts of Balochistan province. Establishment of these new schools at accessible locations made it possible for the communities of about 120 villages to enroll their more than 2,300 school-age children in these schools including more than 900 girls.


Management of Schools

These schools have been managed through Parents Education Committees (PECs). To enable the members of PECs to own, support and manage these schools, training programs have been arranged in which members of PECs were given training on school management and their roles and responsibilities for proper and effective administration and financial management of their schools.

Participation of Females in School Management

As participation of females in decision making and their engagement in activities outside home is very restricted particularly in rural communities, therefore, RWF has always been conscious enough to address gender related issues in its interventions. In its community mobilization activities, it particularly emphasizes the importance of female participation and engagement to address community needs and issues and motivates community heads, elders and notable persons to play their role to increase female participation for addressing community issues. Females are included in PECs and maximum number of female teachers is engaged in teaching activities of RWF's education projects.

Strengthening of School Management Committees:


RWF established, reactivated/ revitalized 10 school management committees (SMC's) with the support of teachers and education department to involve them in on-going school improvement. The school management committees provided trainings on school improvement plans at ten transitional school structures.


Girls Enrollment

As 22% of girls against 47% of boys complete primary education in Pakistan, as per The World Bank's statistics, it becomes very important issue in education to make concerted efforts for increasing and maximizing girls enrollment in schools. Being well aware of this fact, RWF specially focuses on increasing girls' enrollment through motivation and mobilization of communities and their parents. Special attention is given to girls' enrollment information and issues in reporting and monitoring and evaluation activities of the interventions. During its emergency response education project in 2011 & 2012 in two districts of Sindh i.e. Tando Mohammad Khan and Badin, over 3,500 girls (47% of the total students) were enrolled in Temporary Learning Centers (TLCs) and then mainstreamed in government schools.

 

Addressing Nutrition & Hygiene

With the growth of food insecurity, the population of malnourished children in Pakistan is one of the highest 15.1% in the world, according to National Nutrition Survey of 2011. Consequently, in its educational interventions in response to 2010 and 2011 flood emergencies in Sindh province, where malnutrition among children is 17.5%, RWF specially focuses on food, nutrition and hygiene components. RWF conducts awareness sessions on these issues as compulsory parts of all educational and other interventions in the province and also provided NFIs and Hygiene kits to safeguard their nutrition and health.
Formation of Parents Education Committees (PECs)

Root Work Foundation formed about 64 parents education committees (PECs) under its BESP Project. These PECs were crucial bodies which owned and supported the schools of their villages and ensure its smooth running and sustainability. Including 64 PECs formed by Root Work Foundation, the Foundation provided its facilitation and support services to a total of 85 parents education committees in 04 districts of Balochistan province which included the districts of Bolan, Sibi, Jhal Magsi, and Jaffarabad. These committees of parents fully owned and managed and schools and ensure its proper working.

 

Capacity Building of Parents Education Committees

Training of Parents Education Committees (PECs) enables Parents to better manage the schools . Root Work Foundation (under BESP) built the capacity of around 112 PECs in 07 districts of Balochistan province through various training cycles. These trainings helped PEC members understanding their key roles and responsibilities as for as the overall management and support to the schools was concerned. The capacity building activities of PECs enhanced their sense of ownership of the schools and increased their interest in the overall activities and management of schools. Root Work Foundation conducted several training cycles to train 570 members of 120 PECs and about 130 teachers of 120 primary schools that were managed by these PECs.

 

Monitoring and Support to Primary Schools

In addition to above 56 newly established primary schools, Root Work Foundation provided its on-going monitoring and support service to about 21 primary schools in 03 districts of Baluchistan Province. This support enabled 21 primary schools to smoothly Continue its educational activities and promote quality education in the area.

 

Distribution of School Supplies

Floods of 2010 and 2011 badly affected the province of Sindh. The floods affected fully and partially the primary schools in many districts and damaged most of school items. With the support of UNICEF; RWF distributed basic school supplies including furniture to about 600 primary schools and about 90,000 bags to school children of 03 districts i.e. Thatta, Jamshoro and Dadu of Sindh province.

RWF also distributed the school supplies including Blackboards, Seating mats, Copies, Pens & Pencils to 150 Temporary Learning Centers established in Tando Muhammad khan and Badin districts of Sindh province.

 

Establishment of Temporary Learning Centers

To create hope, to engage in positive activities and to provide healthy learning environment to flood affected children, Root Work Foundation established about 150 Temporary Learning Centers (TLCs) in two districts i.e. Tando Mohd Khan and Badin of Sindh Province to address the education needs of over 7,000 flood-affected children. These centers provided education and recreational facilities to children of flood affected areas until they were mainstreamed into re-functional and rehabilitated government schools.

Mainstreaming of Children in Formal Education System

Over 7,000 flood-affected children of Tando Mohammad and Badin districts were enrolled in primary schools in their vicinity when those schools became functional after their rehabilitation / restoration from flood damages in 2012. In addition, the educational supplies, teaching and recreational materials were also provided to re-functional government schools to facilitate their functioning and help create better learning environment for the shifted children and other enrolled children at those schools.

Construction of Community Managed Primary Schools

Root Work Foundation has also been engaged in the construction of one-room schools. These schools were constructed in the Jaffarabad district of Balochistan with the support of British High Commission. Community was mobilized and they actively contributed their labor in the construction of these schools.

Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in School

Pakistan is highly vulnerable to disaster risks from a range of hazards including earthquakes, floods, droughts, cyclones/storms, landslides and tsunami. Despite the severity and frequency with which natural disasters occur in Pakistan, communities and institutions are poorly prepared and the awareness about disaster risk management remains low amongst communities, government departments, NGOs and other stakeholders. Considering the need RWF is focused on integration of DRR in its other interventions along with education. RWF conducted training courses for school teachers to aware them about DRR.

 

Coordination

RWF maintains effective coordination with the concerned bodies / offices / stakeholders during the project implementation. All the education projects are implemented in close coordination with government line departments, concerned organizations (Civil Society Organizations, NGOs, iNGOs) and other stakeholders (Parents, Teachers etc) of the area.